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noticeThe following articles were originally published in the Amathole Museum's newsletter, Imvubu. Strict adherence to copyright refers. Full reference needs to be made to any of the text in these articles.

Race has shaped South Africa's very core. The system of racial segregation assigned superior and inferior statuses according to a person's skin colour. It was enforced by a large body of legislation.

Population Registration

• Population Registration Act, 1950

• The Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, 1953

Job Reservation and Economic Apartheid

• Masters and Servants Act, 1856

• Mines and Works Act, 1911

• Class Areas Act, 1923

• Minimum Wages Act, 1925

• Colour Bar Act, 1926

• Liquor Act, 1927

• Old Age Pension Act, 1927

• Asiatic Immigration Amendment Act, 1931

• Native Service Contracts Act,1932

• Pegging Act, 1943

• Pensions Laws Amendment Act, 1944

• Native Building Workers Act, 1951

• Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Act, 1953

• Black Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Amendment Act, 1955

• Industrial Conciliation Act, 1956

• The Natives Taxation and Development Act, 1958

• Bantu Investment Corporation Act, 1959

• Environmental Planning Act, 1967

• Black Labour Relations Regulation Amendment Act 70 of 1973

Segregation in Education

• Bantu Education Act, 1953

• Extension of University Education Act, 1959

• Coloured Persons Education Act, 1963

• Extension of University Education Act no. 45 of 1959

• Indians Education Act, 1965

• Education Act, 1967

• Education and Training Act no. 9 of 1979

Sexual Apartheid

• Immorality Act, 1927

• Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, 1949

• Immorality Amendment Act, 1950

Land Tenure and Geographic Segregation

• The Natives Land Act, 1913

• Riotous Assemblies (Amendment) Act, 1930

• Native Trust and Land Act, 1936

• Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act, 1946

• Group Areas Act, 1950 (re-enacted in 1957 and 1966)

• Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act, 1951

• Natives Laws Amendment Act, 1952

• Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, 1953

• Group Areas Development Act, 1955

• Coloured Persons Communal Reserves Act, 1961

• Rural Coloured Areas Act, 1963

• Preservation of Coloured Areas Act, Act no. 31 of 1961

• Bantu Homelands Citizens Act of 1970

• Aliens Control Act, 1973

Pass Laws and Influx Control

• Natives (Urban Areas) Act, 1923

• Natives (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act, 1945

• Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act, 1951

• Native Laws Amendment Act, 1952

• Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act, 1952

• Natives Resettlement Act, 1954

• Natives (Prohibition of Interdicts) Act, 1956

• Urban Bantu Councils Act, 1961

• Black Local Authorities Act, 1982

Political Representation

• South Africa Act 1909

• Native Affairs Act, 1920

• Local Government Act, 1926

• Women's Enfranchisement Act, 1930

• Representation of Natives Act, 1936

• Electoral Laws Amendment Act of 1940

• Asiatic Land Tenure and Indian Representation Act, 1946

• Suppression of Communism Act, Act no. 44 of 1950

• Separate Representation of Voters Act, 1951

• Public Safety Act of 1953

• Promotion of Bantu Self-government Act, 1959

• Unlawful Organisations Act, 1960

• Urban Bantu Councils, 1961

• Prohibition of Political Interference Act, 1968

• Separate Representation of Voters Amendment Act, 1968

• Coloured Persons Representative Council Amendment Act, 1968

• Prohibition of Political Interference Act, 1968

• Republic of South Africa Constitution Act, 1983

Separate Development and Bantustans

• Native Administration Act, 1927

• The Development Trust and Land Act, 1936

• Native Administration Amendment Act, 1937

• Factories, Machinery and Building Works Act of 1941

• Bantu Authorities Act, 1951

• Promotion of Bantu Self-government Act, 1959

• Bantu Investment Corporation Act, 1959

• Urban Blacks Council Act, 1961

• Transkei Constitution Act no. 48 of 1963

• Bantu Homelands Development Corporations Act, 1965

• Bantu Homelands Citizenship Act, 1970

• Bantu Homelands Constitution Act, 1971

• Status of Ciskei Act, 1981

Banning, Detention without Trial and State Security

• Suppression of Communism Act, 1950

• Public Safety Act, 1953

• Riotous Assemblies Act, 1956

• Unlawful Organizations Act, 1960

• Indemnity Act, 1961

• General Law Amendment Act, 1963

• Terrorism Act, 1967

• Security Intelligence and State Security Council Act no. 64 of 1972

• Indemnity Act, 1977

• Internal Security Act, 1982